Corporate Power / Big Business was/is Nazism

A Warning from 1945

"The greatest treason is not treason against governments but against human beings. Treason against the people is committed in many diverse ways. Oppression through violence, terror and inquisition; the exploitation, despoilment and impoverishment of millions of men and women; despotic laws and the use of the courts as instruments of repression; fraudulent propaganda a7id the artificial pitting of one section of the public against another; the malting of wars and the monstrous alchemy of converting mans blood into gold: all these are forms of treason against the people. And common to all of them is the fierce determination of a privileged minority to retain their power and increase their advantages at the expense and suffering of the great majority.

This book is a warning to the nation. The secret rulers of Germany are already preparing for a new world war. They have vast hidden economic and political reserves for future use, not only inside Germany but throughout the world. Their Fifth Columns are active in the United States and every other country. Having suffered a military defeat in the Second World War, Germany’s rulers are plotting to win the peace. They did it in 1918; they believe they can do it again today. This book has been written to expose the German conspiracy aimed at undermining the peace, splitting the United Nations and resurrecting the military might of Germany. Much of this book will be deeply shocking to the average American. But the facts had to be recorded and they have to be read. The future peace and security of the American people and their Allies depend upon a full un- derstanding of the character and plans of the secret rulers of Germany. - March 1945. The Authors. HIGH TREASON: The Plot Against the People, Arthur Kahn & Arhur Kahn / Free Pdf

#From German Nazism to US Deep State Fascism.... #Nuremberg Hoax: Corporations Free & US Imported Nazis #IG Farben/US/UK Business Responsible for WWI & II #Same Corporate Network Still Pursue New World Order...

The author of 'The Devil's Chemists. 24 Conspirators Of International Farben Cartel Who Manufacture Wars', (1952, DuBois) was chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg trial and documents the evidence presented in this book (..). He charges I.G. Farben with being knowingly an active arm of the Wehrmacht in taking over property and enslaving the people of Europe (.. and) for fostering and encouraging aggressive warfare. Now when it would seem that the industrialists involved in Germany's crime against civilization are being given opportunity to pursue their way virtually unhampered, this book should serve as a warning finger." Kirkus Review, 1952

"Howard Ambruster, an American chemical engineer who had studied the close relations between the German chemical trust and certain American corporations. warned (in 1947!): "Farben is no mere industrial enterprise conducted by Germans for the extraction of profits at home and abroad. Rather, it is and must be recognized as a cabalistic organization which, through foreign subsidiaries and secret tie-ups, operates a far-flung and highly efficient espionage machine — the ultimate purpose being world conquest . . . and a world superstate directed by Farben".

"The Trump administration has already approved a merger between former rivals Dow and DuPont, and has signed off on the takeover of Swiss pesticide giant Syngenta by ChemChina. If Monsanto/Bayer gets approved as well, just three corporations will dominate the majority of the world’s seed and pesticide markets, giving them enormous power to continue poisoning the planet at the expense of its living inhabitants. (..) To understand the magnitude of this threat, it is necessary to delve into some history." The Bayer-Monsanto Merger Is Bad News for the Planet, by Ellen Brown, April, 2018

"... the role of corporate America in the war is hardly synthesized by President Roosevelt’s claim that the US was the “arsenal of democracy.” When Americans landed in Normandy in June 1944 and captured their first German trucks, they discovered that these vehicles were powered by engines produced by American firms such as Ford and General Motors. Corporate America, it turned out, had also been serving as the arsenal of Nazism." - Jacques Pauwels, author Big business and Hitler

"Martin was to break up the industrial machine these cartels controlled and investigate their ties to Wall Street. (..) Martin’s efforts at decartelization were unsuccessful though, largely due to hindrance from his superior officer, an investment banker in peacetime. In conclusion, he said, “We had not been stopped in Germany by German business. We had been stopped in Germany by American business.” - description of All Honorable Men

"The Nuremburg trials were fixed. The US Justice Department did it. (..) For sixty years, the US Department of of Justice has remained the legal shield of the Arab-Nazi network, known as the Muslim Brotherhood. America is the only major nation still refusing to designate the Brotherhood as a terrorist group." -- Description of John Loftus' America's Nazi Secret, An Insider's History

"Many of the estimated 10,000 Nazis who settled here were involved in the worst aspects of the Holocaust." -- The Nazis Next Door. How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men, Eric Lichtblau

"Simpson, a freelance journalist, reveals that many covert operations of the early Cold War era involved the use of operatives known to have committed crimes against humanity during the Second World War. The underlying theme here is the corruption of American ideals in connection with this hushed-up recruitment policy in the name of anticommunism. In elaborating the policy's "negative blowback," Simpson emphasizes the long-term corrosive effect on American intelligence agencies in particular." -Simpson, author of Blowback

"...the growth of an unrepresentative and unaccountable state within the state has been a product of the twentieth century. Its growth was, paradoxically, actually aided by the unpopularity of security and policing agencies; forced by this into the lowest possible visibility, they learned to develop techniques of invisible influence and control. It was also aided by the British tradition of civil service neutrality: this sheltered senior civil servants from replacement or investigation when administrations changed, and afforded to their policies the legitimation of ’impartial, non-political’ intent." E. P. Thompson, 'The Secret State',1978

"The CIA has corrupted not only the military, but America’s political and judicial systems; and that, through its secret control of the media, the CIA’s power to create the official version of history has left veterans of the Vietnam War, as well as every subsequent generation of Americans, in a state of neurotic delusion." - Douglas Valentine, 2017

"The Phoenix Program in Vietnam in many ways provides a blue print for our own times. Assassinations and torture are the essence of the war on terror. As are death squads and false flag terror attacks. As are mass surveillance of the populace." - from review of Douglas Valentine's The Phoenix Program

"In 2010 (..) Washington Post reported that the national security state had swelled into a “fourth branch” of the federal government ― with 854,000 vetted officials, 263 security organizations, and over 3,000 intelligence units, issuing 50,000 special reports every year." Exploring the Shadows of the US Security State: How I Learned Not to Love Big Brother." - Professor Alfred McCoy, 2017

Page Content - NB. under construction

The critical knowledge collected here make a historiographic 'epistemological break' in showing that Western corporate power relations were behind WW1 and WW2 - and that the same corporate power relations have only gotten more powerful since WW2. The history books' general lack of underlining the corporate cause behind WWl And WWll make people blind to the dangerous reality today, where corporate powers have only gotten still more powerful: destroying nations that will not obey the Western corporate powers from Korea to Chile, Yugoslavia, Libya and now Syria, Russia, North Korea and China etc.

Indeed, the very lack of understanding the corporate power control of Western 'foreign policy' is arguably the most important reason that the Western 'foreign policy systems' can continue its destructive 'New World Order' imperialism. In a still more powerful dangerous 'totalitarian' way, as Western politicians are becoming more aggressive in targeting critical information as 'fake news'.
 
Given the nature of this development towards 'totalitarism' it is simply logical that Western politicians, academics and journalists never talk about the intel agencies such as the CIA/MI6 and the corporate power relations' responsibility for NATO's wars. Just as the Western public sphere is silent on the crucial facts about the corporate nature of Hitler's nazism and the corporate causes behind the two world wars.
 
  1. IG Farben Controlled Hitler - IG 20-30 Size Today; Nuremberg Trial was Faked
  2. From German Nazism to US Deep State Fascism
  3. Nazis spread around the world - ties strengthened Arab extremist dicatorships 
  4. The Missing Link: How Adolf Hitler turned to be a “defiant aggressor” (I-III)
  5. Jacques Pauwels' important research: how Big Business behind WW1 & WW2
  6. More relevant research evidence on the right, left and below on this page

1. Farben 20-30 Size Today, Nuremberg was faked

"After six decades of silence, the historic records of the key war crimes tribunal that determined the responsibility for WWII is finally being made available to a world audience. Currently, history books teach that WWII was launched by a lunatic dictator, Hitler, and his ruthless Nazi henchmen. - However, tens of thousands of historical documents from the Nuremberg Tribunal – newly released online – unequivocally document that:

- WWII – a war that cost the lives of more than 60 million people – was planned and financed by the world’s largest chemical/ pharmaceutical cartel. At that time Germany’s IG Farben consisted of Bayer, BASF, Hoechst and others.
- The driving force behind WWII was IG Farben’s ambition to achieve control of the global oil and drug markets and eliminate, by force, any competition.
- The IG Farben companies financed the rise to power of the Nazi party and the transformation of German democracy into a dictatorship.
- The Nazi/IG Farben coalition’s plan for world domination had three stages: first, the conquest of the Eurasian continent; second, the take-over of Great Britain and all of its colonies; third, the military defeat of the USA and the rest of the world." Oil and Drug Cartel Behind WWII Nuremberg Records Reveal, 2007 // Home Profit Over Life 
 
While over 70 years have passed since the managers and executives of IG Farben were tried at Nuremberg, the basic strategies of both their corporate successors and Monsanto remain strikingly similar. [Read on ]" European Regulators Approve Bayer’s Purchase Of GMO & Pesticide Goliath Monsanto, 2018, Rath Foundation 
 
 
The author of the book 'The Devil's Chemists. 24 Conspirators Of International Farben Cartel Who Manufacture Wars', (1952, DuBois) was chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg trial and documents the evidence presented in this book (..). He charges I.G. Farben with being knowingly an active arm of the Wehrmacht in taking over property and enslaving the people of Europe (.. and) for fostering and encouraging aggressive warfare. Now when it would seem that the industrialists involved in Germany's crime against civilization are being given opportunity to pursue their way virtually unhampered, this book should serve as a warning finger." Kirkus Review, 1952
 
”Baron von Schnitzler, head of Farben commercial committee, admitted that, ‘For 12 years the Nazi foreign policy and the I. G. foreign policy were largely inseparable. I also conclude that Farben was largely responsible.’ As regards slaves, in one camp alone Farben used over 300.000, 200.00 of whom died. From 1941 to 1943 100.000 Farben workers went to the gas chambers. The maximum sentence imposed on any director was eight years, the average three. () most of them (now) back in power.” 
 
"Fascinating and frightening narrative of corporate involvement in the horrors of World War II. This includes american involvement and support of United States declared enemies." The Devil's Chemists. 24 Conspirators Of Internat. Farben Cartel Who Manufacture Wars, 1952, DuBois, Free pdf
  
 
"The Tribunal consisted of a series of 13 trials, the first one against the “main war criminals” entitled “The USA, France, UK and USSR v. Hermann Goering et al.” This trial took place between 1945 and 1946 and ended with long prison sentences or the death penalty for most of the perpetrators. - Interestingly, it was this first trial against the political and military figureheads of the Nazi regime that has been generally portrayed as “The Nuremberg Tribunal.” This is historically inaccurate. Moreover, it has deflected attention away from the real “war criminals” who, with their economic power, had financed the rise of the Nazis and the preparation for WWII." Life over Profit, Archive Intro
 
"This story is about the rise of the I.G. Farben-Nazi empire, its fall in WWII, and then its return to power, thanks to the intervention of certain highly placed Americans.", The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben,1978, by Joseph Borkin / Rev. Crime Punishm. 
 
 
"Long before the beginning of World War II, German industry had been endeavoring to set up a system for worldwide control over electrical equipment, drugs, chemicals and basic war materials." Germany's Master Plan: The Story of the Industrial Offensive, 1943, by Joseph Borkin; Charles A. Welsh / Free Pdf 
 
"Prior to World War II, German industry was controlled by an elite group who had used their money and influence to help bring the Nazi Party to power. After the Allies had successfully occupied Germany and removed the Third Reich, the process of reconstructing the devastated nation’s economy began under supervision of the US government. James Stewart Martin, who had assisted the Allied forces in targeting key areas of German industry for aerial bombardment, returned to Germany as the director of the Division for Investigation of Cartels and External Assets in American Military Government, a position he held until 1947. Martin was to break up the industrial machine these cartels controlled and investigate their ties to Wall Street. What he discovered was shocking. Many American corporations had done business with German corporations who helped fund the Nazi Party, despite knowing what their money was supporting. Effectively, Wall Street’s greed had led them to aid Hitler and hinder the Allied effort. Martin’s efforts at decartelization were unsuccessful though, largely due to hindrance from his superior officer, an investment banker in peacetime. In conclusion, he said, “We had not been stopped in Germany by German business. We had been stopped in Germany by American business.” This exposé on economic warfare, Wall Street, and America’s military industrial complex includes a new introduction by Christopher Simpson, author of Blowback: America’s Recruitment of Nazis and Its Destructive Impact on Our Domestic and Foreign Policy, and a new foreword from investigative journalist Hank Albarelli." - A scathing attack on Wall Street’s illegal ties to Nazi Germany before WWII—and the postwar whitewashing of Nazi business leaders by the US government - All Honorable Men.The Story of the Men on Both Sides of the Atlantic Who Successfully Thwarted Plans to Dismantle Nazi Cartel System, 1950 / 2016 edition by Mark Crispin Miller
  
"I. G. Farben is usually discussed as a huge German cartel (..). Farben, however, is no mere industrial enterprise conducted by Germans for the extraction of profits at home and abroad. Rather, it is and must be recognized as a cabalistic organization which, through foreign subsidiaries and by secret tie-ups, operates a far-flung and highly efficient espionage machine the ultimate purpose being world conquest and a world super-state directed by Farben. (..) Perhaps the chief distinguishing haracteristic of this vast organization is the definite pattern to which it holds. From its beginning the Farben pattern based upon intensive research wedded to applied science, plus a cynical disbelief in the existence of social, economic, or political morality has never varied; its rhythm appears changeless.(..) Viewed over a long period of years it appears as an interlocking design of propaganda, espionage, sabotage, and corruption." Treason's peace; German dyes & American dupes, 1947 - Free Pdf
  
"Howard Ambruster, an American chemical engineer who had studied the close relations between the German chemical trust and certain American corporations. warned [in 1947 sic!]: "Farben is no mere industrial enterprise conducted by Germans for the extraction of profits at home and abroad. Rather, it is and must be recognized as a cabalistic organization which, through foreign subsidiaries and secret tie-ups, operates a far-flung and highly efficient espionage machine — the ultimate purpose being world conquest . . . and a world superstate directed by Farben". (..) The Trump administration has already approved a merger between former rivals Dow and DuPont, and has signed off on the takeover of Swiss pesticide giant Syngenta by ChemChina. If Monsanto/Bayer gets approved as well, just three corporations will dominate the majority of the world’s seed and pesticide markets, giving them enormous power to continue poisoning the planet at the expense of its living inhabitants. (..) To understand the magnitude of this threat, it is necessary to delve into some history. This is not the first time Monsanto and Bayer have joined forces. In both world wars, they made explosives and poisonous gases using shared technologies that they sold to both sides. After World War II, they united as MOBAY (MonsantoBayer) and supplied the ingredients for Agent Orange in the Vietnam War. In fact corporate mergers and cartels have played a central role in Bayer’s history. In 1904, it joined with German giants BASF and AGFA to form the first chemical cartel. After World War I, Germany’s entire chemical industry was merged to become I.G. Farben. By the beginning of World War II, I.G. Farben was the largest industrial corporation in Europe, the largest chemical company in the world, and part of the most gigantic and powerful cartel in all history." The Bayer-Monsanto Merger Is Bad News for the Planet, by Ellen Brown, April, 2018
 
"IG Farben was the biggest company in Hitler's time, it is probably 20-30 times the size now.", Robert Verkerk, 'Entirely new name' for 'Monsanto': Bayer buys leading GMO maker for $66bn, April 2018, RT
 
In 'Meet the Corporatocracy', James Corbett compares the then and now of corporate power, about Hitler, IG Farben and 'The US Government Sachs', 2012

Video Clip from Nuremberg Case #6 I.G. Farben
 
 

2. From German Nazism to US Deep State Fascism  

"The United States and the Recruitment of “Bastards” - The story goes back to the founding after 1945 of the US national security complex for propaganda and political warfare to roll back communism in Eastern Europe and the USSR. This story is told in Christopher Simpson’s Blowback: America’s Recruitment of Nazis and Its Effect on the Cold War (1988). (..) [Also] Douglas Valentine’s The Phoenix Program about the CIA’s covert counter-insurgency operations in Vietnam (1968-72). Phoenix is listed by CounterPunch as one of the 100 Best Non-Fiction Books ever. Together, these two books say everything one needs to know about how the US government came to act in our time like a rogue state, riding roughshod over international law, arming and training reactionary terrorist groups, privatizing military operations, fomenting regime change through psychological warfare, spying on the whole planet, and acting generally as though the world would come to an end unless the US dominated it.

Today’s ideologically absolutist/manichean foreign policy—“you’re either with the US or you’re with the terrorists”– is the continuation of the absolutism, which formed in the early post-war years: you’re either with us or you’re with the Reds. The recruitment of jihadists (as done originally in Afghanistan) in the 1970s and afterwards and now Neo-Nazis in Ukraine to undermine regimes reflects the practice by the intelligence services at the end of WW II of recruiting Nazis, most of them major war criminals. - Writing in the 1980s, Simpson suggests that this recruitment caused “blowback”—not in the sense of revenge as in Chalmers Johnson’s thesis in his later book by the same title. Simpson’s thesis is much more insightful. It suggests that the US/Nazi collaboration, among other things, damaged the prospects for world peace. In this respect, it is instructive to look at the case of Reinhard Gehlen, Hitler’s top military intelligence officer on the Eastern front. (..) Though he had promised not to hire agents from the now internationally criminalized SS, SD, and Gestapo for crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes against peace, he did just that, sure that his employers would turn a blind eye. According to Simpson, he hired, for example, “Obersturmfuhrer Hans Sommer (who had set seven Paris synagogues to the torch in October 1941); SS Standartenfuhrer Willi Krichbaum (senior Gestapo leader in southeastern Europe); and SS Sturmbannfuhrer Fritz Schmidt (Gestapo chief in Kiel, Germany). . . . During the first decade following the war, the US spent at least 250 million and employed 4,000 people full-time to resurrect Gehlen’s organization from the wreckage of the war”.

And the prize was the decisive opening salvo of the Cold War, based on Gehlen’s misleading information on the strength of the Red Army and its supposed readiness to invade Western Europe. (..) As late as 1940, as Britain brought to the notice of the Roosevelt administration, the US had not formed an intelligence organization (the FBI confined itself to domestic surveillance). Under British tutorials, the OSS was born, the progenitor of the CIA. At war’s end the national security state, as we know it today, began to take shape. Eisenhower’s call in1946 for a coordinated military economy and Kennan’s doctrine of containment in1947 combined to produce the National Security Act, which authorized the National Security Council and the CIA and led to the formation in 1952 of the National Security Agency (NSA), the umbrella organization responsible for oversight of all intelligence agencies—military and civilian. The activities of the NSA were shrouded in secrecy because, of course, they violated the Constitution." Read: America’s Recruitment of Nazis - Then and Now, 2014, Luciana Bohne
 
"The postwar recruitment of Nazis and collaborators by agencies of the U.S. government stemmed, the author illustrates, from intense East-West competition after the German surrender, prodded by the prospect of war between the superpowers. Simpson, a freelance journalist, reveals that many covert operations of the early Cold War era involved the use of operatives known to have committed crimes against humanity during the Second World War. The underlying theme here is the corruption of American ideals in connection with this hushed-up recruitment policy in the name of anticommunism. In elaborating the policy's "negative blowback," Simpson emphasizes the long-term corrosive effect on American intelligence agencies in particular." Blowback: America's Recruitment of Nazis and Its Destructive Impact on Our Domestic and Foreign Policy, 1988/2014, C. Simpson 

How the CIA Recruited Nazis & Adopted Their Propaganda Methods | Interview with Christopher Simpson, 2014
 
"Designed to destroy the Vietcong infrastructure and ostensibly run by the South Vietnamese government, the Phoenix Program--in fact directed by the United States--developed a variety of counterinsurgency activities including, at its worst, torture and assassination. For Valentine (The Hotel Tacloban, 9/15/84), the program epitomizes all that was wrong with the Vietnam War; its evils are still present wherever there are "ideologues obsessed with security, who seek to impose their way of thinking on everyone else." Exhaustive detail and extensive use of interviews with and writings by Phoenix participants make up the book's principal strengths" The Phoenix Program: America's Use of Terror in Vietnam, 1990/2014 Douglas Valentine
 
"The Phoenix Program in Vietnam in many ways provides a blue print for our own times. Assassinations and torture are the essence of the war on terror. As are death squads and false flag terror attacks. As are mass surveillance of the populace. (..) From the perspective of a Bureaucrat like Bill Colby it was merely an attempt to coordinate a number of pre-existing programs. Sort of like the Department of HomeLand Security or more precisely it’s fusion centers where military, police, and intelligence agencies pool information on their enemies the American people. Phoenix sought to provide cooperation between various Vietnamese and American agencies (..) A massive campaign of torture and assassination aimed at destroying what the CIA called the VCI the Viet Cong Infrastructure. (..) They called the tactic 'counter terror' ironically since what they were doing was terrorism. In fact throughout the Vietnam war the CIA staged false flag terror attacks even bombing theaters and blamed them on Viet Cong “Terrorists”.. (..) Death Squads made up a major element in these programs. In Nicaragua they trained the contras to engage in terror and assassination that often targeted Nicaraguan health workers and teachers or any government member they could get their hands on doubtless in an attempt to eliminate the Sandinista “Infrastructure” Of course they also terrorized anyone else who fell into their hands men, women and children. The Phoenix program would rise once again after the wars in central America ended this time in Iraq and Afghanistan. (..) CIA’s “Phoenix Program” and the “War on Terror”, 2016, Turner, Reviews Doug Valentine
 
"Michael Maclear’s 1975 doc., Spooks and Cowboys, Gooks and Grunts is more relevant now than ever. Forty-two years after its release, it exposes the suppressed, shameful truths that have corrupted America since the Vietnam War. The documentary makes it perfectly clear that “we” have always known what was going on – and that “we” have perfected the means of denying and obfuscating it.(...) Maclear’s documentary is straightforward in stating several shameful truths. Foremost, that the CIA has corrupted not only the military, but America’s political and judicial systems; and that, through its secret control of the media, the CIA’s power to create the official version of history has left veterans of the Vietnam War, as well as every subsequent generation of Americans as well, in a state of neurotic delusion." The Vietnam War and the Phoenix Program: “A Computerized Genocide”, Doug Valentine, Oct 2017
 
When CIA's nature was almost revealed: "... in June 1971, Daniel Ellsberg leaked the aptly named Pentagon Papers, shifting blame for the increasingly unpopular Vietnam War from the CIA to the military, while distracting public attention from the investigations of the CIA’s Phoenix Program and the CIA’s involvement in drug smuggling." Will the Real Daniel Ellsberg Please Stand Up!, 2003, Douglas Valentine
 
"In the chaos following World War II, the U.S. government faced many difficult decisions, including what to do with the Third Reich's scientific minds. These were the brains behind the Nazis' once-indomitable war machine. So began Operation Paperclip, a decades-long, covert project to bring Hitler's scientists and their families to the United States. Many of these men were accused of war crimes, and others had stood trial at Nuremberg; one was convicted of mass murder and slavery. They were also directly responsible for major advances in rocketry, medical treatments, and the U.S. space program." - *Starred Review*: By the end of 1945, the alliance of the Western powers with the Soviet Union had frayed, and the basic outlines of what would become the Cold War had taken shape. At the same time, military, scientific, and political leaders in the U.S. had become acutely aware of the value of German scientists responsible for great advances in rocketry and biological research under the Nazis. So, in August 1945, President Truman authorized the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), a division of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), to aggressively “recruit” German scientists to come to the U.S. and to work for various government-affiliated programs. Truman had stipulated that members of the Nazi Party were not to be included. As Jacobsen, an investigative journalist, illustrates, the JIOA adroitly sidestepped Truman’s directive through an intense program of fraud and deception. Documents were forged or altered, wartime activities were covered up, and, in some cases, entirely new identities were created, all in the service of our national interest. Some of these men were only marginal Nazis, but some were fervent “true believers” directly responsible for war crimes. This is an engrossing and deeply disturbing exposé that poses ultimate questions of means versus ends." --Jay Freeman. Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence Program that Brought Nazi Scientists to America, 2014, by Annie Jacobsen
 
Pulitzer Prize–winning New York Times Washington bureau investigative reporter Lichtblau (Bush's Law: The Remaking of American Justice, 2008) writes in an urgent, pulpy style, appropriate to his shadowy tale of “America’s decades of resolute indifference to the Nazis in its backyard.” He deftly manages a rough chronological structure that demonstrates how American views on war criminals fluctuated wildly over time. Beginning with spy chief Allen Dulles’ covert 1945 meeting with the top SS general in Italy, efforts were made on behalf of well-connected Nazis, including the CIA’s “Paperclip” program for top scientists and the “rat line” to South America maintained by anti-Semitic Catholic clergy. Many fugitives worked as anti-communist provocateurs for the CIA during the 1950s, while in the ’60s, J. Edgar Hoover “had no interest in having his agents wasting their time tracking down supposed Nazis in America.” But by the ’70s, owing to efforts by a few crusading journalists and immigration investigators, “Nazis in America were suddenly a hot topic.” The turning point was the 1979 establishment of the Justice Department’s Office of Special Investigations, which aggressively pursued aging Nazis, like renowned scientist Arthur Rudolph, who’d overseen the V-2 rocket program. Yet with success came backlash; amazingly, the Reagan White House provided Pat Buchanan a platform to attack the investigations and Holocaust research generally. Lichtblau builds suspense by focusing on the long-term fates of individuals like Tom Soobzokov, a power broker among New Jersey Eastern Europeans before being outed as a brutal collaborator; he pushed back aggressively against his accusers and was ultimately killed in a mysterious pipe bombing. Lichtblau utilizes obscure sources and declassified files, tenaciously circling back to a dark reality: Many of the estimated 10,000 Nazis who settled here were involved in the worst aspects of the Holocaust. - Fascinating and infuriating corrective to the American mythology of the “Good War”." Eric Lichtblau: The Nazis Next Door. How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men (2015):
 
"The Nuremburg trials were fixed. The US Justice Department did it. (..) For sixty years, the US Department of of Justice has remained the legal shield of the Arab-Nazi network, known as the Muslim Brotherhood. America is the only major nation still refusing to designate the Brotherhood as a terrorist group." 

"Fully revised and expanded, America's Nazi Secret by John Loftus reveals how the U.S. government permitted the illegal entry of Nazis into North America in the years following World War II. This extraordinary investigation exposes the secret section of the State Department that began, starting in 1948 and unbeknownst to Congress and the public until recently, to hire members of the puppet wartime government of Byelorussia—a region of the Soviet Union occupied by Nazi Germany." America's Nazi Secret: An Insider's History, 2. ed. 2010, John Loftus

YouTube: Loftus explains America's Nazi Secret Part 3, 2011
 
"Provocative and highly controversial, The Nazi Hydra in America reveals the dark secrets of the fascist influence in the USA. While Eisenhower's troops defeated The Third Reich on the battlefields of Europe, the war against fascism was lost on the home front, to the very cadre of American plutocrats who built and paid for Hitler's war machine. In fact, the fascists won WWII, because they ran both sides. After the war, they recouped Nazi assets to lay the foundations of a modern police state, complete with controlled corporate media. "A valuable history of the relationship between big business in the United States and European fascism...The story is shocking and sobering and deserves to be widely read." Howard Zinn
 
From the book: "Dulles’ CIA Operation Paperclip assimilated Nazi scientists into the American establishment by obscuring their histories and preventing efforts to bring their true stories to light. The project was led by officers in the United States Army. Although the program officially ended in September 1947, those officers and others carried out a conspiracy until the mid-1950s that bypassed both law and presidential directive to keep Operation Paperclip going. Neither Presidents Truman nor Eisenhower were informed that their instructions were ignored. (...) “The Bilderberg group, founded by Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, held its first meeting in 1954. The prince, a former officer in the SS, had worked in IG Farben’s notorious NW7 group, which served as spies for the Third Reich. Bernhard belonged to the Dutch branch of the Knights Templar. In 1954, he was appointed to govern the Dutch order. John Foster Dulles [Allen's brother] was one of the most helpful Americans in setting up the Bilderberg group. Incidentally, in 1954 Dulles testified in favor of a bill designed to return vested enemy assets, such as GAF, to their previous owners.” The Nazi Hydra in America: Suppressed History of a Century, 2012, Glen Yeadon // Pdf.  
 
"[Higham] Chronicles the relationship between Americans and the Nazis from the 1930s to the present, examining the activities of Nazi sympathizers in the U.S. government, the Catholic Church, and other facets of American life." American Swastika: The Shocking Story of Nazi Collaborators in Our Midst from 1933 to the Present Day, 1985, Charles Higham
 
"At a time when intelligence successes and failures are at the center of public discussion, this book provides an unprecedented inside look at how intelligence agencies function during war and peacetime. As the direct result of the 1998 Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act, the volume draws upon many documents declassified under this law to reveal what U.S. intelligence agencies learned about Nazi crimes during World War II and about the nature of Nazi intelligence agencies' role in the Holocaust. It examines how some U.S. corporations found ways to profit from Nazi Germany's expropriation of the property of German Jews. The work also reveals startling new details on the Cold War connections between the U.S. government and Hitler's former officers." U.S. Intelligence and the Nazis, 2005, by Richard Breitman et al.
 
"America’s greatest untold story: the United States’ rise to world dominance under the guile of Allen Welsh Dulles, the longest-serving director of the CIA. Drawing on revelatory new materials—including newly discovered U.S. government documents, U.S. and European intelligence sources, the personal correspondence and journals of Allen Dulles’s wife and mistress, and exclusive interviews with the children of prominent CIA officials—Talbot reveals the underside of one of America’s most powerful and influential figures. Dulles’s decade as the director of the CIA—which he used to further his public and private agendas—were dark times in American politics. Calling himself “the secretary of state of unfriendly countries,” - Dulles saw himself as above the elected law, manipulating and subverting American presidents in the pursuit of his personal interests and those of the wealthy elite he counted as his friends and clients—colluding with Nazi-controlled cartels, German war criminals, and Mafiosi in the process. Targeting foreign leaders for assassination and overthrowing nationalist governments not in line with his political aims, Dulles employed those same tactics to further his goals at home, Talbot charges, offering shocking new evidence in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. -- An exposé of American power that is as disturbing as it is timely, The Devil’s Chessboard is a provocative and gripping story of the rise of the national security state—and the battle for America’s soul. - An explosive, headline-making portrait of Allen Dulles, the man who transformed the CIA into the most powerful—and secretive—colossus in Washington, from the founder of Salon.com and author of the New York Times bestseller Brothers." The Devil's Chessboard, 2016, David Talbot 
 
"It’s been more than 50 years since Allen Dulles resigned as director of the CIA, but his legacy lives on. Between 1953 and 1961, under his watch, the CIA overthrew the governments of Iran and Guatemala, invaded Cuba, and was tied to the killing of Patrice Lumumba, Congo’s first democratically elected leader. We speak with David Talbot, author of "The Devil’s Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America’s Secret Government," about how Dulles’ time at the CIA helped shape the current national security state." Video: The Rise of America’s Secret Government: The Deadly Legacy of Ex-CIA Director Allen Dulles, 2015, David Talbot on Democracy Now  
 
"Though countless books have been written about the Kennedy men and their brief, tumultuous time in the White House, few have offered as many explosive revelations as this one. David Talbot describes a JFK administration more besieged by domestic enemies than has been previously realized, from within the Pentagon, the CIA, the FBI, and the mob. It is against this dark backdrop that he charts the emotionally charged journey of Robert Kennedy, whose soul-scouring quest to find the origins of his brother’s murder led him, to his horror, back to the dark corners of American power that had been part of his portfolio: U.S. intelligence, Cuba, and organized crime. - From the Kennedy “band of brothers” to RFK’s hope of using executive power to solve Jack’s death once and for all, this probing work of history draws on more than 150 exclusive interviews to produce a bold look at power and vengeance. A topic of perennial interest, Brothers is a multilayered, complex tale of gut-wrenching history." Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years, 2008, David Talbot  

3. Nazis to US, UK, Latin America. While ties strengthened to Arab Extremists, Saudi Arabia Wahhabists and the Muslim Brotherhood  

"As early as 1943, senior Nazi officials were making preparations for Germany’s defeat. Disillusioned by military setbacks and Hitler’s increasingly unhinged leadership, chief architects Bormann and Himmler headed a top secret program to lay the foundations for the Nazi party’s descent into the underground. The war, it seemed, was a lost cause; survival as a political entity, to fight another day, was now all that mattered. A system was concocted whereby a legitimate government would be infiltrated with dependable undercover Nazis, who would coordinate operations and policies in the party’s favor. From this position, it was decided that Nazis could recover their strength and prepare for another conflict – the Third World War." Amazon description 
 
"Written in 1944, thus contemporary to the events of the Second World War and Nazi Germany, The Nazis Go Underground describes how the Nazis planned and organised their descent into the underground as early as 1943. At this stage of the war, the situation for the Third Reich looked grim. With Bormann and Himmler as its architects, the Nazi party would go underground and prepare for World War III from the shattered ruins of Berlin. German generals were anxious to get the war over. They knew the war was futile, would end in total defeat and questioned Hitler’s suicidal military tactics. Survival as an institution, as a political force, for them, was essential. The Nazis concocted a system by which they would continue to have close contacts with members of the aboveground legitimate government after the end of the war. They would make sure to have some of their men, dependable ones, remaining in the official apparatus of the government, to be able to coordinate operations and policies. It was therefore believed that Nazi Germany could once more rise from the ashes after defeat in the Second World War. 

Written and researched by an acclaimed Jewish Berlin journalist who fled Nazi Germany for the US, Curt Riess was in the position with his experience and contacts within the Third Reich to expose their underground movement. Conspiracy theory or historical fact, The Nazis Go Underground questions in incredible detail on how Hitler’s operatives organised such a mammoth undertaking and since that day of 16 May 1943 may have already prepared for World War III." The Nazis Go Underground, 1944, Curt Riess, Fonthill Media Publisher  
 
"Anticipating the defeat of the Third Reich, Reichsleiter Martin Bormann set up 750 corporations in neutral countries, primed as vehicles to receive the liquid wealth of Germany in addition to patents and other proprietary industrial information. An organizational genius and the real power behind Hitler, Bormann, known as the "Brown Eminence", successfully fled Europe for South America and administered a "Reich in Exile" in the years following the war. With remnants of the SS as an enforcement arm, former Gestapo chief General Heinrich Mueller as security director, the 750 corporations as a base of economic power and the willing silence and cooperation of the Western Allies, Bormann guided his organization to a position of consummate power. One banker quoted by Manning termed the Bormann Organization, the "world's most important accumulation of money power under one control in history". Controlling Germany's major corporations, the Federal Republic itself and much of Latin America, the Bormann Organization also maintained a formidable circle of influence in the United States. Paul Manning has written the definitive text on the Bormann Organization." Martin Bormann: Nazi in exile, 1981, by Paul Manning
 
"The flame flickers low, but "Whatever became of Martin Bormann?" is unceasingly engrossing. My wartime CBS colleague, the late Edward R. Murrow, had talked at length with me about developing the Bormann saga as a solid and historically enlightening, valuable postwar story. When Reichsleiter Martin Bormann, through an emissary, informed a gathering of Nazi industrialists in Strasbourg on August 10, 1944, "The war cannot be won by us; we must take steps in preparation for a postwar commercial campaign," he made just that possible by putting into action his new German state policy: the flight of capital — that is to say, money, patents, scientists, administrators — to neutral nations where this wealth would develop free of seizure by the Allies. This Bormann program of flight capital to safe havens, together with the endeavors of the German people, the grants of Marshall Plan money for reconstruction of factories, and the investment money that eventually found its way back home, moved the new West German Federal Republic forward to its present prosperity. - I was impelled to write this book to present to thinking people the verity of modern history's most all-encompassing conspiracy of silence, and to straighten out some of the lingering distortions that have developed from the massive outpouring of slanted communiques and press releases from governments and private interests over the past three decades, until caring people everywhere are hard put to tell truth from fiction, with too much fiction passing for history." Paul Manning, 1981, New York, pdf 
 
"SpitfireList: FTR #305 The Bormann Organization is a condensation of some of the key segments of text from Manning’s landmark book. The story of the active suppression of Manning’s work on Bormann is contained in FTR#152 (side A). The moving tale of Manning’s heroic, decades-long investigation into the Bormann group is contained in a professional biography of Paul Manning that accompanies the text. That professional biography also recounts the professional retribution to which Manning was subjected in retaliation for his work (including the 1993 murder of his son Gerry.)" - SpitfireList: Martin Bormann – Nazi in Exile
 
  
"Drawing on American and European intelligence documents, Uki Goni shows how from 1946 onward a Nazi escape operation was based at the presidential palace in Buenos Aires, harboring such war criminals as Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengele. Goni uncovers an elaborate network that relied on the complicity of the Vatican, the Argentine Catholic Church, and the Swiss authorities. The discoveries made in this meticulously researched book reveal the entangled web of the Nazi regime and its sympathizers and has prompted Argentine officials to demand closed files on the Nazi era from their current government." The Real Odessa: How Peron Brought the Nazi War Criminals to Argentina, 2003, Uki Goni  
 
"Long hidden from public view, Operation Condor was a military network created in the 1970s to eliminate political opponents of Latin American regimes. Its key members were the anticommunist dictatorships of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil, later joined by Peru and Ecuador, with covert support from the U.S. government." Predatory States: Operation Condor and Covert War in Latin America, 2012 J. Patrice McSherry

"Revised and updated for the fortieth anniversary of Augusto Pinochet’s September 11, 1973, military coup in Chile, The Pinochet File reveals a formerly secret record of complicity with atrocity on the part of the U.S. government. Documents that were first made publicly available in the original hardcover edition formed the heart of the international campaign to hold Pinochet accountable for murder,­ torture, and ­terrorism—a campaign chronicled for the first time in this updated edition." The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability, 2013, by Peter Kornbluh

'The US School That Trains Dictators & Death Squads', 2015, The Empire Files
 
 
"For more than a century successive US and UK governments have sought to thwart nationalist, socialist and pro-democracy movements in the Middle East. Through the Cold War, the ‘War on Terror’ and the present era defined by the Islamic State, the Western powers have repeatedly manipulated the region’s most powerful actors to ensure the security of their own interests and, in doing so, have given rise to religious politics, sectarian war, bloody counter-revolutions and now one of the most brutal incarnations of Islamic extremism ever seen. - This is the utterly compelling, systematic dissection of Western interference in the Middle East. Christopher Davidson exposes the dark side of our foreign policy – dragging many disturbing facts out into the light for the first time. Most shocking for us today is his assertion that US intelligence agencies continue to regard the Islamic State, like al-Qaeda before it, as a strategic but volatile asset to be wielded against their enemies. Provocative, alarming and unrelenting, Shadow Wars demands to be read – now." Shadow Wars: The Secret Struggle for the Middle East, 2016, C. M. Davidson  
 
"This book is the only accurate account I have seen of what really happened with the price of oil in 1973. I strongly recommend reading it. -- Sheikh Zaki Yamani "Former Oil Minister of Saudi Arabia"; I recommend this book to all who wish to know how the world is really run, what are the systems behind the sub-systems we perceive in the daily media and what are the antecedents of the present global political dilemmas. -- Dr. Frederick Wills "Former Foreign Minister, British Guyana"; This book is definitely not for the fearful or inattentive reader. It goes to the fundamentals... an extraordinary work that sheds lights on the problems of our society. -- Col. Fletcher Prouty, USAF (ret.) author of The Secret Team. A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order, new ed. 2011, F. William Engdahl
 
A Mosque in Munich: "In the wake of the news that the 9/11 hijackers had lived in Europe, journalist Ian Johnson wondered how such a radical group could sink roots into Western soil. Most accounts reached back twenty years, to U.S. support of Islamist fighters in Afghanistan. But Johnson dug deeper, to the start of the Cold War, uncovering the untold story of a group of ex-Soviet Muslims who had defected to Germany during World War II. There, they had been fashioned into a well-oiled anti-Soviet propaganda machine. As that war ended and the Cold War began, West German and U.S. intelligence agents vied for control of this influential group, and at the center of the covert tug of war was a quiet mosque in Munich—radical Islam’s first beachhead in the West. Culled from an array of sources, including newly declassified documents, A Mosque in Munich interweaves the stories of several key players: a Nazi scholar turned postwar spymaster; key Muslim leaders across the globe, including members of the Muslim Brotherhood; and naïve CIA men eager to fight communism with a new weapon, Islam. A rare ground-level look at Cold War spying and a revelatory account of the West’s first, disastrous encounter with radical Islam, A Mosque in Munich is as captivating as it is crucial to our understanding the mistakes we are still making in our relationship with Islamists today." -
 
From interview with author:
"Q: What about the Nazi angle? Are you saying radical Islam has Nazi roots?
A: No, I'm not equating Islamists with Nazis. Some people do, but I'm trying to stay away from polemics. I'm also not dissecting problems within Islam or immigration in Europe. Instead, the big-picture idea I'm trying to show is the early--and decisive--effort by the West to use Islam. Three groups made overtures to these Muslims: the Nazis, the Cold Warriors, and the Islamists. So the story carries us from the past to the present, a microcosm of all our mistakes with Islam since the 1940s. (..) A Mosque in Munich. Nazis, the CIA, and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in the West, 2011, Ian Johnson   
 
"In A Brutal Friendship, Said K. Aburish traces the true origins of the region`s present turmoil to the manner in which corrupt Arab rulers have subordinated the welfare of their subjects to their cultivation of cozy relationships with the West. Using direct evidence from his unrivaled range of Arab sources, he describes how the West -- mostly the CIA -- sponsored Islamic fundamentalism in the 1950s and `60s in an effort to contain Nasser and thwart Soviet designs on the region, how American and British leaders have turned a blind eye to repressive governments when they suit their interests (and toppled them when they do not), and how it is these very machinations that set Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein on his bloody road to power." - "This is a hard-hitting and provocative book that challenges both the Arab governing circles and their Western supporters. Aburish, a veteran writer and commentator on Arab affairs (The Rise, Corruption and Coming Fall of the House of Saud, St. Martin's, 1995), traces the development of the West's relationships with the ruling elites in the Arab world since World War I, how many Arab regimes have subordinated the welfare of their citizens and the interests of their own countries to the will of the West. Using a variety of primary and secondary Arab and Western sources, he demonstrates how the West has helped perpetuate repressive and illegitimate governments in much of the Arab world in order to safeguard its putative geopolitical and economic interests. As Aburish notes, this shortsighted policy has had negative consequences for the Arab people, and he argues that it will be to the detriment of the West in the long run." A Brutal Friendship: The West and The Arab Elite, 1998, Said K. Aburish
 
"What was the motive for this marriage between Western intelligence and the Muslim Brotherhood? This alliance would help the Western power elite neutralize the challenge to their hegemony coming from the secular Arab nationalist movement. Said Aburish elaborates: 'In the 1950s and later, the West opposed the secular Arab nationalist movement for two reasons: it challenged its regional hegemony and threatened the survival of its clients’ leaders and countries. Specifically, there was nothing to stop a secular movement from cooperating with the USSR; in fact, most of them were mildly socialist. Furthermore, most secular movements advocated various schemes of Arab unity, a union or a unified policy, which threatened and undermined the pro-West traditional regimes of Saudi Arabia, Jordan and other client states. The West saw it as a challenge that had to be met. (..) The power elite officially endorsed the Muslim Brotherhood in May of 1979 at the Bilderberg meeting held in Austria (Engdahl 171). At this meeting, British Islamic expert Dr. Bernard Lewis suggested that endorsing the Muslim Brotherhood would allow the Western elite “to promote balkanization of the entire Muslim Near East along tribal and religious lines” (171). This balkanization process would result in the rise of various autonomous groups and the spreading of chaos in the Near East (171). In what Lewis termed an “Arc of crisis,” the chaos would eventually spill over into the Muslim regions of the Soviet Union (171). This would help the Western elites counter Soviet moves to become the world’s sole hegemon, thus preserving the Cold War dialectical rivalry that had been so advantageous to the Western oligarchs." Western Intelligence and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood, 2014, T Melanson 
 
Mark Curtis demonstrates how Britain remains the key supporting player in US domination, and how far from benign that domination is in its impact on the rest of the world.’ Victoria Brittain; ‘Essential reading for anyone wanting to understand Britain and the United States’ true role in the world and the so-called order imposed by the Anglo-American alliance.’ John Pilger The Great Deception: Anglo-American Power and World Order, 2015 , Mark Curtis   
 
"The updated edition of Secret Affairs covers the momentous events of the past year in the Middle East. It reveals the unreported attempts by Britain to cultivate relations with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt after the fall of Mubarak, the military intervention on the side of Libyan rebel forces which include pro-al-Qaeda elements, and the ongoing reliance on the region's ultimate fundamentalist state, Saudi Arabia, to safeguard its interest in the Middle East. In this ground-breaking book, Mark Curtis reveals the covert history of British collusion with radical Islamic and terrorist groups. Secret Affairs shows how governments since the 1940s have connived with militant forces to control oil resources and overthrow governments. The story of how Britain has helped nurture the rise of global terrorism has never been told."
 
"As much of history is appropriated by the media and we are beckoned into an era of endless war, this superb book could not be more timely. Sensational in the best sense, it examines the darkest corners of the imperial past to reveal the truth behind today's news -- John Pilger; "It shows in extensive detail how Britain and the US have repeatedly sided with radical Islamic forces in the Middle East and elsewhere as counterweights to check the rise of nationalism, as shock troops to bring about pro-Western regime change, and as proxies to fight wars against the West?s enemies. There is no war between civilizations (Bush), no Manichaean struggle between the good and evil forces of Islam (Blair), rather the ever-present serpentine thread of shifting alliances to maintain British control of key energy resources and Britain?s place in a pro-Western global financial order centred on Saudi Arabia. This is a fascinating account which can change outlooks and deepen comprehension of a hugely misunderstood drama, and it should be compelling reading before any further Middle East wars are set in train." -- Michael Meacher, MP Secret Affairs: Britain's Collusion with Radical Islam, 2011, Mark Curtis 
 
 
"In his explosive new book, Mark Curtis reveals a new picture of Britain's role in the world since 1945 and in the 'war against terrorism' by offering a comprehensive critique of the Blair government's foreign policy. Curtis argues that Britain is an 'outlaw state', often a violator of international law and ally of many repressive regimes. He reasons not only that Britain's foreign policies are generally unethical but that they are also making the world more dangerous and unequal. - The Web of Deceit describes the staggering gulf that has arisen between New Labour's professed commitment to upholding ethical values and the reality of current policies. It outlines the new phase in global intervention, the immorality of British policy in Afghanistan, Kosovo, Iraq and Indonesia and support for repressive governments in Israel, Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Curtis also reveals Britain's acquiescence in the Rwanda genocide and economic policies in the World Trade Organisation that are increasing poverty and inequality around the world. Drawing on formerly secret government files, the book also shows British complicity in the slaughter of a million people in Indonesia in 1965; the depopulation of the island of Diego Garcia; the overthrow of governments in Iran and British Guiana; repressive colonial policies in Kenya, Malaya and Oman; and much more." Web Of Deceit: Britain's Real Foreign Policy: Britain's Real Role in the World, 2003, by Mark Curtis 
 
"Citing newly uncovered archival sources, Simpson ( Blowback: America's Recruitment of Nazis and Its Effects on the Cold War ) first argues that Hitler emulated the Turkish government's 1915-1918 policy regarding the massacre of Armenians by offering economic incentives and other rewards to citizens willing to participate in the extermination of the Jews. He then examines the U.S. government's response to both genocidal campaigns. Of utmost interest here is the evidence he presents that President Eisenhower's secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, and Dulles's brother Allen, director of the CIA, deliberately stymied efforts to bring to justice many German bankers and industrialists involved in the Nazis' extermination-through-labor programs. The study leaves little doubt that many members of Germany's corporate elite not only were aware of the genocidal programs during the war but sponsored innumerable supplementary negelganger , or "side camps," staffed by company employees. Simpson argues that while genocide is still widely practiced today, it is usually tolerated by those who benefit from it through the theft of land and natural resources. The cycle of genocide can be broken, he maintains, through relatively straightforward (though politically difficult) reforms of the international legal system." The Splendid Blonde Beast: Money, Law, and Genocide in the Twentieth Century, 1993, Christopher Simpson 
"In fact, the Germans paid off the loans with shares of German companies, allowing American capital to actively integrate itself into the German economy. The total amount of foreign investment in German industry from 1924-1929 amounted to nearly 63 billion gold marks (the loans accounted for 30 billion of this), and 10 billion in reparations was paid off. American bankers – primarily J.P. Morgan, provided Seventy percent of the Germany’s financial income. As a result, as early as 1929, Germany’s industry was second in the world, but to a large extent it was in the hands of America’s leading financial-industrial groups. Thus, I.G. Farben, the company that became the German war machine’s key component, was under the control of Rockefeller’s Standard Oil at the time it funded 45 percent of Hitler’s election campaign in 1930. Through General Electric, J.P. Morgan controlled the German radio and electrical industry in the form of AEG and Siemens (by 1933, General Electric owned a 30 percent stake in AEG). Through telecom company ITT, he controlled 40 percent of Germany’s telephone network and 30 percent of aircraft manufacturer Focke-Wulf. Opel was taken over by the Dupont family’s General Motors. Henry Ford held a 100 percent stake in Volkswagen. In 1926, with the participation of Rockefeller bank, Dillon Reed and Co., the second largest industrial monopoly emerged – metallurgical firm Vereinigte Stahlwerke (Unified Steel Trusts) of Thyssen, Flick, Wolf, Fegler, etc. American cooperation with Germany’s military-industrial complex became so intense and pervasive that, by 1933, American capital had reached key sectors of German industry and even major banks like Deutsche Bank, Dresdner Bank, Donat Bank, etc. Simultaneously, a political force was being financed that would be called upon to play a crucial role in the Anglo-American plans – the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler himself." Who paid for World War II?, 2010, N Starikov 
 
“The Farben cartel dated from 1925, when organizing genius Hermann Schmitz (with Wall Street financial assistance) created the super-giant chemical enterprise out of six already giant German chemical companies – Badische Anilin, Bayer, Agfa, Hoechst, Weiler-ter-Meer and Griesheim-Elektron. There companies were merged to become I.G. Farben. Twenty years later the same Hermann Schmitz was put on trial at Nuremburg for war crimes committed by the I.G. cartel. Other I.G. Farben directors were placed on trial but the American affiliates of I.G. Farben and the American directors of I.G. itself were quietly forgotten; the truth was buried in the archives… Without the capital supplied by Wall Street, there would have been no I.G. Farben in the first place and almost certainly no Adolf Hitler and World War II.
 
"American IG owes its genesis to a German business conglomerate, namely, Interessens-Gemeinschaft Farbenindustrie AG, or IG Farben for short. The business, along with the industrial empire that “IG” controlled and commanded, has been described as “a state within a state.”
 
"During the Vietnam War, Monsanto was contracted to produce and supply the US government with a malevolent chemical for military application. Along with other chemical corporations at the time such as Dow Chemical, Monsanto produced the military herbicide Agent Orange ... (..) In more modern times, a division of Bayer was accused of ‘knowingly’ selling HIV-contaminated blood products to haemophiliacs, and has paid millions in damages in legal settlements.”  Bayer and Monsanto: A Marriage Made in Hell, 2016, Steven MacMillan  
 
"In 1946-1947 the Finance Division of the Office of Military Government (OMGUS) recommended that Deutsche Bank and Dresdner Bank leaders be tried as war criminals and barred from ever holding positions of importance in German economic and political life. But these recommendations were never implemented, and officials from both banks went on to become key figures in German postwar development. Decades later, Christopher Simpson has uncovered the full story of the OMGUS reports, reproducing hundreds of pages gleaned from declassified reports and analyzing their significance in light of today's heated debates over the reemergence of these banks as financial giants, their role in the Holocaust, and how historical memory is to be defined."
 
- "Simpson's edited compilation, providing these documents in English for the first time since the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials in 1946–47, is both straightforward and timely. [Simpson] suggests that a deliberate decision by political leaders had buried these documents until recently. His argument is credible.... The fact that the Deutsche Bank, and a number of its wartimes executives, emerged as key players in administering the Marshall Plan and pan-European finances only adds to the importance of this newly available evidence. Among the documents are lists of interlocking directorates, assets, and organizational charts, along with connections to IG Farben and other businesses. Beyond the obvious historical importance and the contemporary issues of compensating victims, this volume asks us to consider larger issues about business ethics and the role of finance in service to the state."—Choice War Crimes of the Deutsche Bank and the Dresdner Bank: Office of Military Government (U.S.) Reports, 2002, Christopher Simpson, editor
 
 

4. The Missing Link: How Adolf Hitler turned to be a “defiant aggressor” (I-IV) - by Nikolay Starikov

 Jacques Pauwels comment to this point 4 (more editing will be done later)
 
"I'm afraid i never heard of Starikov. While some of the things he writes are true, essentially the idea that appeasement purported to have Hitler attack the Soviet Union, some of his claims are definitely untrue, e.g. the idea that Hitler was brought to power by Britain and the US."
 
"I just read part 4. It is basically correct that the "appeasers", i.e. Britain and France, wanted Hitler to attack the Soviet Union and helped him to acquire territory bordering on the SU, so a German attack would be feasible. It is true that Hitler disappointed them by not annexing Slovakia and allowing Hungary to take over the easternmost regions of the Czechoslovak state. If this caused London and Paris to turn against him, it was mostly because public opinion in Britain and France was outraged. Hitler did it because he liked the way appeasement had allowed him to make over big territorial gains and increase his prestige at home and abroad. His surprising move re Slovakia now allowed him to demand even more territory, namely Dantzig (Gdansk).
 
But it is definteily not true that Britain and the US brought Hitler to power in 1933, even though the British and US elites sympathized with him. He came to power because of the support of the German elite, including industrialists, bankers, large landowners, the army, etc. - indeed, after losing, not winning, an election, in November 1932. I describe all this in detail in my book Big Business and Hitler.
 
Here is an essential book about all this, already published in the 1990s: In Our Time: The Chamberlain-Hitler Collusion
 
 
 
 
Pauwels comment end.
 
"The essential cause of the stability of our currency was to be sought for in our concentration camps." -- Adolf Hitler
 
"In the previous chapters of the Episodes, we looked at the British policy towards Nazi Germany, which was designed to pit the Fuhrer against Soviet Russia. To accomplish this, Hitler was provided with substantive economic and political assistance between 1933 and 1939, Germany’s biggest industrial areas that had been lost after WWI were returned, and a blind eye was turned to the Austrian Anschluss, as well as to the persecution of Jews in Germany and in the occupied territories. Great Britain, France, and the United States were actively involved in the war in Spain on the side of Franco’s insurgents, who were also supported by Hitler. And as a result of secret agreements between London and Berlin, the independent nation of Czechoslovakia was sacrificed to Hitler in September 1938. In this chapter, we will explain why less than a year later, in September 1939, the Fuhrer had turned into a “defiant aggressor” in the eyes of his British patrons. (..)
 
How did far-off London view the scenario of war between Germany and the Soviet Union? Quite simply: Germany was to launch an offensive, using the economic, territorial, and political opportunities she was provided. (..) And then the British and Americans would appear in the midst of the conflict. As peacemakers, naturally. And the celebration of “freedom” and “democracy” would begin:

• In the USSR power would change hands in favor of democracy, meaning a government that would accept responsibility for all the tsar’s debts, return nationalized industries to their Western owners, and allow oil to be pumped, diamonds to be mined, and Russian forests to be leveled – practically for free.

• In Germany, Hitler, who had embroiled Germans in a conflict with the entire civilized world, would be replaced by generals. (..) 
 
We have provided only a tentative and cursory outline of this plan for future aggression. Since events played out quite differently in reality, no one ever spoke of how everything had been “planned.” The future victors of WWII – those who were directly responsible for organizing it – would in that event be cast in an unpleasant light.

Did the Kremlin understand this game of solitaire that was being played on the political table of Europe by the governments of England and France? Of course. One would have to be blind not to be able to see and note whose death had formed the basis for the active expansion of Hitler’s Reich. Back on March 1, 1936, well before Hitler was given Austria and Czechoslovakia, Joseph Stalin was interviewed by the American journalist Roy Howard. And so, in answer to the question, “How does the Soviet Union envisage such aggression by Germany? From what position, in what direction would the German forces operate?” the leader of the USSR responded as follows:
 
“History shows that when any state intends to make war against another state, even not adjacent, it begins to seek for frontiers across which it can reach the frontiers of the state it wants to attack. Usually, the aggressive state finds such frontiers … I do not know precisely what frontiers Germany may adapt to her aims, but I think she will find people willing to ‘lend’ her a frontier.”[1]
 
As we have seen, Joseph Stalin was right: Hitler was “loaned” Austria and Czechoslovakia, and then slowly but surely he was led to the Soviet border. (..)
 
"The appeal [Stalin[] made to Hitler was clear and simple: if you are provoked to attack, we will be provoked to defend ourselves. And while we are embroiled in our fight, “they” will divide up our natural resources and once again bleed Germany dry. Is this what you need, Adolf Hitler? Is this why you founded your political party and set about dragging Germany from the abyss into which she was driven by the venal Weimar politicians?

And then Stalin speaks bluntly to Hitler: “It is even more telling that some politicians and influential journalists in Europe and the US have lost patience waiting for the ‘march on Soviet Ukraine’ and are themselves beginning to expose the real meaning of the policy of non-intervention. They speak directly and write in black and white that the Germans have cruelly ‘disappointed’ them because, instead of advancing farther east against the Soviet Union, well, they have turned westward and are demanding colonies. One might think that the Germans had been given those regions of Czechoslovakia as the price of their commitment to launch a war against the Soviet Union, and now the Germans are refusing to pay the bill, they have made it clear exactly what the West can do with it.”
 
"I am hardly one to moralize about the policy of non-intervention or to speak of betrayal or treachery, and so on. It would be naive to preach morals to those who recognize no human morality. Politics is politics, as the old, hard-nosed, bourgeois diplomats say. It should, however, be noted that this vast and dangerous political game, which was initiated by the supporters of the policy of non-intervention, may end in a serious fiasco for them.”

One could endlessly debate the exact impression this speech made on Hitler, but the reality is that soon afterwards the German Fuhrer for the first time refused to follow the “good advice” coming from London and began directing his own gameWestern historiography generally accepts as a truism, that after the German occupation of the remnants of Czechoslovakia in mid-March 1939, England “suddenly” grasped the obvious fact that Hitler could not be believed and that he was an inherently “duplicitous aggressor.” But all that is a lie intended to conceal the ugly truth. Hitler’s treachery and aggression toward his British and American “architects” could not be traced to the fact that Germany had occupied the remnants of Czechoslovakia and actually annexed them, but rather to the fact THAT SHE DID NOT DO THAT! In order to understand this strange and very important paradox, we must take ourselves to the city of Bratislava, a backwater by European political standards, and to the even more “far-flung” Transcarpathian town of Hust,[4] which became an epicenter of global political intrigue in March 1939." How Adolph Hitler, (I)
 
"Thus, it was not until midday on March 23 that Britain and France learned that Slovakia would not join the Third Reich. For nine (!) whole days, Hitler had carefully maintained the illusion that the Slovaks would be incorporated. Why did he deliberately cause this delay? Because he had decided to hold negotiations without his Western partners. (..) British and French political circles considered Hitler’s decision of March 15 to have been a fatal error – or so write the majority of historians and contemporaries. But none of them want to think about the true meaning hidden in this phrase. It is a paradox of history that when Adolf Hitler was fighting in Spain, harassing the Jews, and measuring the skulls of his own citizens, he was considered a respectable politician by the West. But as soon as he decided not to attack the Soviet Union and refused to appropriate the Carpathians, he was immediately seen as a “defiant aggressor. 
 
The West would take a hard line against Germany, not because of the incorporation of the Czech lands into the Reich, but because of the “non-incorporation” of Slovakia and the “non-seizure” of Transcarpathian Ruthenia! This negated the plans for quickly launching German hostilities against the USSR. This was not the purpose for which Nazism had been so carefully cultivated, nor why Hitler had been given the Olympics and assisted in his battles in Spain, a blind eye had been turned to his rearmament, and entire nations and peoples had been surrendered to him so that Germany would grow in strength and power." How Adolph Hitler, (II)
 
"And now let us take another look at the dates and events of that stormy March of 1939, in order to firmly establish that Hitler really was suddenly recast as an “aggressor,” not because he took over the defenseless country of Czechoslovakia, but because he did so in a manner completely at odds with what had been negotiated with the representatives of the West. March 14, 1939. Slovakia declares its independence and requests protection. Czech President Emil Hácha comes to Berlin of his own accord.

March 15, 1939. President Hácha signs an agreement to incorporate the Czech lands into the Third Reich under the name of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and thus preserves his position as head of the country. At 6:00 am, with no official announcement, Hungarian army units begin their occupation of Sub-Carpathian region.

The British government had been given explicit information about the upcoming events four days earlier. Therefore, Great Britain reacted to the “aggressor’s” moves in a very calm and friendly way, as heard in Prime Minister Chamberlain’s speech: “ …the Slovak Diet declared the independence of Slovakia. The effect of this declaration put an end by internal disruption to the State whose frontiers we had proposed to guarantee … and His Majesty’s Government cannot accordingly hold themselves any longer bound by this obligation.”In other words, there had been no breach of the Munich Agreement. Czechoslovakia had disintegrated on its own…
 
(..) But something strange was brewing in Sub-Carpathian Ruthenia: troops had entered and there was fighting, in addition to the Hungarian leaders’ statement about taking over the region. Carefully laid plans had obviously been derailed by these events, but at the time no full, clear picture of the situation was available. Western leaders began to worry. It was then that the British prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, suddenly saw the light. In his speech in Birmingham, he actually retracted his own words from two days before. Both those in Great Britain and around the world (the speech was broadcast by radio) could listen as the leader of one of the great powers completely reversed course on his assessment of the disappearance of Czechoslovakia two days before. But nothing new had happened between March 15 and 17! (..)
 
What had Hitler done in the past two days that was so extreme that the head of the British government began to address him quite differently? FOR THE FIRST TIME Hitler was refusing to behave in the manner set out for him. Now they could not be certain that Germany would attack the USSR in the near future! - But it was still possible for Hitler to rectify the situation. (..) And on May 30, 1939, the state secretary at the German foreign ministry, Ernst Freiherr von Weizsäcker, informed the Soviet charge d’affaires in Berlin, Georgy Astakhov, that there was a chance to improve Soviet-German relations. The German diplomat pointed out that by refusing to take Sub-Carpathian Ruthenia, one motive for war had been eliminated … and the USSR and Germany began moving toward the non-aggression pact so disliked by Western historiography.How Adolph Hitler, (III) 

See also:  

"Hitler’s rise to power was not the result of economic woes, nor can it be explained by German domestic politics. The decision to place him at the helm was not made in Berlin, but in London and Washington. (..) It would be naive to deny the fact that Germany had spent the years since 1919 in the iron grip of the victors of the First World War. And that control was manifested in many ways. (..) People were not drawn to the Nazis out of love for the NSDAP, but more because they were sick to death of the parties offering an alternative to Hitler. For example, the percentage of voters who were allied with the Social Democratic Party dropped from 37.9% in 1919 to 18.3% by March of 1933, and the number of backers of the German Democratic Party shrank from 18.6% to 0.8%during the same period. But even under these circumstances Hitler was unable to win elections! The idea that the Nazi leader was appointed chancellor because his party won the election is yet another convenient falsehood espoused by historians. Adolf Hitler was sworn in as chancellor on January 30, 1933. (..) The idea that Hitler won the election is a myth. He was simply appointed head of the country! Someone applied such pressure on Germany’s political elite that Hitler’s “deficiencies” and “oddities” seem to have been all but forgotten. How was this possible?..." Episode 12. Why did Britain and the United States have no desire to prevent WWII? (II) 
 
"So Adolf Hitler managed to resolve the first problem. However, even after becoming chancellor in January 1933, he still found himself unable to unleash a military conflict for the most prosaic of reasons – he literally had no army. With his 100,000-strong Reichswehr (lacking tanks, aircraft, heavy artillery, and a fleet) the Fuhrer had the ability to accost no one but his tiny neighbor Luxembourg, and then presumably only with the acquiescence of the other powers. In order to launch World War II, Hitler needed to resurrect his army, furnish it with the latest weapons, and expand it to 42 times its current size! - Anyone can see that serious money is needed to maintain an army. And even more money is needed to rearm one. And truly astronomical sums are required to expand it to 42 times its size. This task is extremely complex even in an economically developed country. (..)
 
"As we know, Adolf Hitler managed his task admirably. In an unbelievably short period of time – just six years in office – he was able to rebuild a war machine of unbelievable power. Historians call this the Nazi economic miracle. However, behind every phenomenal success of one party, we find a betrayal of the interests of the party on the other side of the political divide. And the more unbelievably “miraculous” the success of one country, the more the leaders of the other powers agree to play along. And so Hitler’s unbelievable successes on the world stage were predicated not on his outstanding talents as a diplomat or statesman, rather, they had been previously arranged with England, the US, and France in a betrayal of the interests of the German nation." Episode 12. Why did Britain and the United States have no desire to prevent WWII? (III) 
 
"Could Hitler have been stopped? Yes. To do this, the French and British governments needed to block the Saar referendum in January 1935. Germany would have been helpless to object as she had no tanks, airplanes, or soldiers. But nonetheless, they were all eager to play along with Hitler. Indeed, this was a very important first success for the Nazis, who then went on to experience triumph after triumph. - Let us note one obvious fact: Adolf Hitler was a “brilliant politician” so long as his Western Counterparts were willing to play a loser’s game while posturing, furrowing their brows, and blustering. On June 18, 1935, the “Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Germany,” Joachim von Ribbentrop signed the Anglo-German Naval Agreement in London with the British foreign minister, Samuel Hoare,[1] under which Germany could now legally build warships (..)
 
Germany was entrusted with the 1936 summer Olympic Games. This was an expression of support and a continuation of the deliberate, loser’s game the global political elite were playing with the Fuhrer. The rules of this fixed match were very simple: Hitler was to do what was required of him (to rearm and prepare for war with the Soviet Union), and he would be provided with cash, the return of the country’s lost territories, and political prestige. In return, no notice would be made of either the oppression of the Jews or the insane racial laws. That was the policy. And today we often observe a cynical and quite blatant picture of “human rights activists” who only notice what is momentarily beneficial to their financial backers, while disregarding what they have no need to see … And so the Olympics took place! Swastika flags fluttered in the stadiums and German hearts were filled with pride for their country and respect and gratitude toward Adolf Hitler. " Episode 12. Why did Britain and the United States have no desire to prevent WWII? (IV) 
 
 
 
Episode 18. How Britain assisted the Soviet Union’s fight against Hitler

Episode 17. Britain – Adolf Hitler’s star-crossed love

Episode 16. Who signed death sentence to France in 1940?

Episode 15. Poland Betrayed

Episode 14. How Adolf Hitler turned to be a “defiant aggressor”

Episode 13. Why London presented Hitler with Vienna and Prague

Episode 12. Why did Britain and the United States have no desire to prevent WWII?

Episode 11. A Soviet Quarter Century (1930-1955)

Episode 10. Who Organised the Famine in the USSR in 1932-1933?

Episode 9. How the British “Liberated” Greece

Episode 8. The Great Odd War

Episode 7. Britain and France Planned to Assault Soviet Union in 1940

Episode 6. Leon Trotsky, Father of German Nazism

Episode 5. Who paid for World War II?

Episode 4. Who ignited First World War?

Episode 3. Assassination in Sarajevo

Episode 2. The US Federal Reserve

Episode 1. Bank of England
 
 

5. J. Pauwels' Important Research on WWI & II

"Unlike the massive work of popular history produced by Eric Hobsbawm, The Great Class War and The Myth of the Good War provide a concise challenge to the Anglo-American narrative, which Hobsbawm, despite his Marxist orientation, never quite abandons. This may be because such books cannot be published by people who are employed at the pinnacle of elite academic institutions—without at least jeopardising one’s career." Review: 'U.S. Empire-Building “Interventions', 2016, DH Wilkinson, BAR
 
Compare: "The Peloponnesian war was, to a greater extent than Thucydides seems to have realized, a struggle between the business interests of Athens and Corinth for commercial supremacy in the West: all wars, Plato remarked, are made for the sake of getting money." The Republic of Plato, FM Cornford p. x
 
"America certainly deserves credit for its important contribution to the hard-fought victory that was ultimately achieved by the Allies. But the role of corporate America in the war is hardly synthesized by President Roosevelt’s claim that the US was the “arsenal of democracy.” When Americans landed in Normandy in June 1944 and captured their first German trucks, they discovered that these vehicles were powered by engines produced by American firms such as Ford and General Motors. Corporate America, it turned out, had also been serving as the arsenal of Nazism. (...) 
 
One might say that in the headquarters of the corporations, whose collective interest is clearly reflected in American government policies, nostalgia has lingered on for the good old days of Hitler’s Third Reich, which was a paradise for German as well as American and other foreign firms: no left-wing parties, no unions, unlimited numbers of slave labourers, and an authoritarian state that provided the necessary discipline and arranged for an “armament boom” and eventually a war that brought “horizonless profits,” as Black writes, alluding to the case of IBM.
 
These benefits could more readily be expected from a fascist dictatorship than from a genuine democracy, hence the support for the Francos, Suhartos, and other Pinochets of the post-war world. But even within democratic societies, capitalism actively seeks the cheap and meek labour that Hitler’s regime served up on a silver platter, and recently it has been by means of stealthy instruments such as downsizing and globalization, rather than the medium of fascism, that American and international capital have sought to achieve the corporate Nirvana of which Hitler’s Germany had provided a tantalizing foretaste." Profits über Alles! American Corporations and Hitler, 2004/2017  
 
 
Big Business and Hitler, Nov, 2017, Lorimor: "Business was bad in the 1930s, and for multinational corporations Germany was a bright spot in a world suffering from the Great Depression. As Pauwels explains in this book, corporations were delighted with the profits that came from re-arming Germany, and then supplying both sides of the Second World War. (...) A key roadblock to America's late entry into the Second World War was behind-the-scenes pressure from US corporations seeking to protect their profitable business selling to both sides."
 
'Is History “Bunk”? “Big Business and Hitler”.', Epilogue of Jacques R. Pauwels, 2017
 
 
The Myth of the Good War: America in the Second World War, 2. 2015, Lorimor
"In the spirit of historians Howard Zinn, Gwynne Dyer, and Noam Chomsky, Jacques Pauwels focuses on the big picture. Like them, he seeks to find the real reasons for the actions of great powers and great leaders. Familiar Second World War figures from Hitler to Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin are portrayed in a new light in this book."

"A revealing analysis of the covert goals pursued by Western leaders before, during and immediately after World War II. Well-researched and lucidly-argued, this fine book will be of great value to experts and ordinary readers alike." Michael Parenti 
 
The Great Class War 1914-1918, 2016, Lorimor: "In all countries socialists renounced the class struggle and proceeded instead to go to war for their fatherland and their people." - "war offered benefits to everyone, across class and national borders.
 
 

6. More research evidence  

IBM and the Holocaust, 2001, Edwin Black 

"IBM and the Holocaust" promises to reveal the international company's strategic alliance with Nazi Germany - beginning in 1933 in the first weeks Hitler came to power, and continuing through to the end of World War II. As the Third Reich embarked upon its plan of conquest and genocide, help was needed to create the enabling technological solutions, step by step, from the identification and cataloguing programs of the 1930s to the selections of the 1940s. Only after Jews were identified - a massive and complex task that Hitler wanted done immediately - could they be targeted for swift asset confiscation, the creation of ghettos, deportations, enslaved labour and ultimately annihilation. This organizational challenge was so monumental it called for a computer. Of course, in the 1930s, no computer existed. However, IBM's punch-card technology did exist, with a proven track record throughout Europe. Edwin Black shows how, with the company's custom-designed and constantly updated Hollerith systems, Hitler was able to turn his persecution of the Jews into an automated and systematic process. Historians have always been amazed at the speed and accuracy with which the Nazis during their reign of terror were able to identify and locate German and other European Jews. The pieces of this puzzle have never been assembled, although it was known that punch-card technology played a vital role. The author alleges that IBM technology organized nearly everything in Germany and then Nazi Europe, from the identification of the Jews in censuses, registrations, and ancestral tracing programmes to the running of railroads and organizing concentration camp registration. IBM and its German subsidiary, Dehomag, Black says, custom-designed and tailored the complex applications and solutions one by one, anticipating the Reich's needs. They did not merely sell the machines, he shows, but leased and serviced them for high fees, becoming the sole source of the billions of punch-cards Hitler needed. Dehomag are shown to have trained Nazi officers, including concentration camp administrators, to use the IBM devices and their custom-designed applications. The book takes the reader through what the author believes was a carefully crafted corporate collusion with the Third Reich, as well as the structured deniability of oral agreements, undated letters and the Geneva intermediaries - all undertaken as the newspapers blazed with accounts of persecution and destruction, invasion and spoliation. Furthermore, Black alleges that when the war was over, IBM launched an international campaign to recover all the monies its subsidiaries received for their work for the Third Reich. The author is also keen to show the compelling human drama of one of the 20th century's greatest minds, IBM founder Thomas Watson, the highest paid executive in America, who, he says, turned a blind eye to the Nazi programme and co-operated for the sake of profit and his own fascination with Hitler. Only with the assistance the author has documented was Hitler able to achieve the staggering numbers of the Holocaust. Essentially then, he argues that IBM organized the organizers of one of the worst genocides in world history. Decades later, Black says he found that IBM obstructed his research at every turn, denying him access to company documents and even its museum in Germany, moving files from place to place to keep them out of his reach. Through his own persistence, and with the help of researchers, archivists and historians in seven countries, he believes he has uncovered one of the last great mysteries of the Holocaust - how did Hitler get the names?" Amazon / Pdf. Archive

Trading with the Enemy, 1983, Charles Higham

"This perennial classic of political literature remians the only book to documnet the trading of the American financial establishment with Hitler's Germany in World War II, from Pearl Harbor to V-E Day. Ford supplied tanks to Hitler, the Chase Bank financed the Nazi's in Paris, ITT built rocket bombs for Goering and Standard Oil fueled U-boats in the Atlantic." Amazon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Peloponnesian war was, to a greater extent than Thucydides seems to have realized, a struggle between the business interests of Athens and Corinth for commercial supremacy in the West, all wars, Plato remarked, are made for the sake of getting money.
The Republic of Plato, FM Cornford p. x

James Heartfield on WW2

"Sixty million people died in the Second World War, and still they tell us it was the Peoples War. The official history of the Second World War is Victors History. This is the history of the Second World War without the patriotic whitewash. - The Second World War was not fought to stop fascism, or to liberate Europe. It was a war between imperialist powers to decide which among them would rule over the world, a division of the spoils of empire, and an iron cage for working people, enslaved to the war production drive. - The unpatriotic history of the Second World War explains why the Great Powers fought most of their war not in their own countries, but in colonies in North Africa, in the Far East and in Germanys hoped-for Empire in the East. Find out how wildcat strikes, partisans in Europe and Asia, and soldiers mutinies came close to ending the war. And find out how the Allies invaded Europe and the Far East to save capitalism from being overthrown." Unpatriotic History of the Second World War, 2012

Donny Gluckstein on WW2

"A People's History of the Second World War (2012) unearths the fascinating history of the war as fought 'from below'. Until now, the vast majority of historical accounts have focussed on the conflict between the Allied and Axis powers for imperialist mastery. Donny Gluckstein shows that in fact between 1939 and 1945 two distinct wars were fought – one ‘from above’ and one ‘from below’. Using examples from countries under the Nazi heel, in the colonies and within the Axis and Allied camps, Gluckstein brings to life the very different struggle of the people's and resistance movements which proliferated during the war. He shows how they fought not just fascism, but colonialism and empire, and were betrayed by the Allies at the war’s end.This book will fundamentally challenge our understanding of the Second World War – both about the people who fought it and the reasons for which it was fought."
 
"Many historians explain the brutal emergence of the Nazi party in Germany in terms of national prejudices or Hitler's charismatic demagoguery. In this extraordinary Marxist analysis, Donny Gluckstein take issue with such arguments, demonstrating that at the height of an economic crisis in one of the most advanced countries in the world, it was the Nazis’ commitment to annihilating the gains of working-class organizations that made their political platform attractive to the German ruling class. - 
Though anti-Semitism was at the center of Nazi ideology, it was not enough to propel the party to popularity; the Nazis were a minor, politically irrelevant force until the collapse of the German economy. Only then did their promise of relief from the hardships of the Depression pave the way for fascism's wider appeal and ultimate rise to power. Yet this rise did not go unchallenged. Gluckstein also provides an analysis of working-class resistance to the Nazis. - As the global economy careens into a new period of crisis, far-right and explicitly fascist parties are gaining ground across Europe. The urgency of preventing a resurgence of fascism in the twenty-first century makes it more necessary than ever to understand the political and social context of the Nazis’ ascent to power in Germany." The Nazis, Capitalism and the Working Class, 2012